Hard Won. Not Done.
Prior to the ratification of the 19th Amendment being certified on the 26th of August 1920, many small steps led to suffrage being adopted as the law of the land. Over the years arrests, beatings, imprisonment and derision followed the suffragists. Opposition was intense, yet it’s not as if they demanded equal rights as well. Had they done so, they might still be waiting to vote. After all, as of today, 37 states have ratified the 1972 Equal Rights Amendment — and it’s still not law.
In this context the ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920 was and is a monumental achievement, one that merits attention, education and promotion throughout Iowa and the nation
The gains? HARD WON.
The status today? NOT DONE.
The future is calling to help learn from the past.
How will you answer?
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The suffragist movement resulted in passage of the 19th Amendment in the U.S. Congress in June 1919, with ratification completed in August 1920. A minimum of 36 states were required for ratification. Wisconsin was the first to ratify, in June 1919. Iowa was 10th, less than one month later. Tennessee tipped the balance in a famously contentious vote on Aug. 18, 1920. The last state to ratify was Mississippi in 1984. Alaska and Hawaii were not states at the time of ratification; therefore, they are ineligible, though each has passed its own voting rights laws over time.
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1. the right to vote in political elections.
1. a person advocating the extension of suffrage, especially to women.