Hard One, Not Done


A commemoration of the 100-Year Anniversary of the Ratification of the 19th Amendment from an Iowa Perspective

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The year 2020 will mark the centennial of the 19th Amendment, granting women in the United States the right to vote. This will be a significant milestone in our current history and an opportunity to reflect on the impressive work undertaken by women and men to bring the passage of the amendment to fulfillment. Recent events in our country have heightened awareness of the importance of enfranchisement for all citizens. Voter registration drives are being held throughout the country, and citizens across the map are monitoring the status of voter rights. This curriculum has been developed by the Iowa 19th Amendment Centennial Commemoration Committee to share background information and offer suggestions for study of the 19th Amendment and the United States’ Women’s Suffrage Movement.

There undoubtedly will be many publications, films, and online sites appearing soon and focusing on the amendment’s centennial and aspects of this era in our history. The purpose of this curriculum is to encourage teachers to include study of the Suffrage Movement in their classrooms, offering options to fit a variety of classes.


The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Passed by Congress on June 4, 1919 - Ratified on August 18, 1920


This curriculum was developed by the​ ​Iowa 19th Amendment Centennial Commemoration Committee. The curriculum includes teacher directed lesson plans along with supplemental materials. Lessons have been aligned with Iowa’s Social Studies Standards. Much of the material could also easily be presented in English or TAG classes. One lesson, in particular, highlights Iowa’s role in the Suffrage Movement.

These lessons were designed to allow for flexibility with consideration for a diversity of classes. Selections of primary and secondary sources related to the 19th Amendment accompany each lesson; teachers should choose those that best fit their educational needs. Lessons can be presented individually or as part of an ongoing unit.

A wealth of exceptional coverage of the Suffrage Movement and the 19th Amendment is currently available in print, film, and online formats. The goal of this curriculum is to promote informational student lessons while commemorating the amendment’s one hundred year history.

As of July 2019 - all online links listed are live.

The curriculum was compiled by members of the League of Women Voters of Iowa who are part of the 19th Amendment Centennial Commemoration Committee. The League of Women Voters U.S. will also be celebrating its centennial year in 2020.