Hard One, Not Done

 

A commemoration of the 100-Year Anniversary of the Ratification of the 19th Amendment from an Iowa Perspective

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Hard One, Not Done

SUFFRAGE LEADERS

Women Who Worked for Woman Suffrage and Equal Rights

  • Jane Addams (1860-1935) : Social reformer, author, peace and suffrage leader; NAWSA first vice-president, 1911-1914.
  • Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906): Quaker, teacher, temperance and abolition organizer, noted women’s rights leader; took suffrage petitions door-to-door; published The Revolution; lectured and was active in state campaigns, speaking cross-country for 30 years; became internationally respected symbol of woman’s movement.
  • Alva Erskine Smith Vanderbilt Belmont (1853-1933): Multimillionaire, philanthropist, socially prominent New York suffrage speaker and organizer.
  • Alice Stone Blackwell (1857-1950): Daughter of Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell; suffrage writer and journalist; helped merge the two suffrage groups.
  • Harriot Stanton Blatch (1856-1940): Daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton; militant leader, fiery speaker, and lobbyist; recruited working women to suffrage; organized first large suffrage parades.
  • Amelia Bloomer (1818-1894): Edited a woman’s rights paper; dress reform pioneer lecturer who wore a mode of dress designed with a shorter skirt and a pair of loose Turkish trousers gathered around the ankle; She also advertised this outfit, which became known as the Bloomer Costume, in her magazine, The Lily.
  • Lucy Burns (1879-1966): Militant suffrage organizer in England; lobbyist, speaker, editor, hunger striker.
  • Carrie Lane Chapman Catt (1859-1947): Field organizer with Susan B. Anthony; reorganized NAWSA to be more political; fundraiser and administrator who opposed militants; founded League of Women Voters.
  • Anna Elizabeth Dickinson (1842-1932 ): Quaker and lecturer who championed Black rights and emancipation of women.
  • Abigail Scott Duniway (1834-1915): Published a weekly newspaper dedicated to the cause of woman’s rights; Oregon’s first woman voter.
  • Angelina Emily Grimke (1805-1879); Woman’s rights pioneer; joined Quakers; led anti-slavery meetings.
  • Sarah Moore Grimke (1792-1873); Lecturer, writer, and outspoken advocate of abolition; early champion of woman’s rights; defender of women’s right to speak when it was challenged.
  • Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910): Author of The Battle Hymn of the Republic; founder and leader of AWSA; editor of The Woman’s Journal; lecturer.
  • Esther Morris (1814-1902): Moved to Wyoming and encouraged new territory’s leaders to pass woman suffrage and property rights legislation; elected first female Justice of the Peace.
  • Lucretia Coffin Mott (1793-1880): Quaker minister and leading women’s rights pioneer; called first woman’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, NY in 1848; president of American Equal Rights Association, 1866.
  • Maud Wood Park (1871-1955): Organizer, civic leader, speaker and lobbyist for the 19th Amendment.
  • Alice Stokes Paul (1885-1977): Quaker; chief strategist for the militant suffrage wing; founder of the Congressional Union for Woman’s Suffrage and the National Woman’s Party; author of the Equal Rights Amendment; international organizer.
  • Jeannette Pickering Rankin (1880-1973): Suffrage organizer; elected first U.S. Congresswoman 1917; ran for Senate.
  • Anna Howard Shaw (1847-1919): Came from England to America in 1851; first ordained Methodist woman minister, 1880; Boston University medical school, 1886; outstanding suffrage orator for 30 years; a close associate of Susan B. Anthony; NAWSA president, 1904-1915.
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902): Brilliant woman’s rights leader and abolitionist; issued call to first women’s rights convention; wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, declaring that “men and women are created equal;” proposed that women should vote; political partner for 50 years with Susan B. Anthony; popular speaker and forceful writer who drafted resolutions and wrote speeches; ran for Congress, 1866; edited The Revolution; president of NAWSA for 21 years; agitated for constitutional amendment from 1878 onward.
  • Lucy Stone (1818-1893): Spoke for abolition and women’s rights; organized own lectures; married Henry Blackwell and became known for keeping own name to protest restrictive marriage laws; converted Susan B. Anthony and Julia Ward Howe to suffrage; refused to pay taxes to protest lack of representation; pressed for both black and woman suffrage; edited The Woman’s Journal with husband; dying words to daughter were “Make the world better.”
  • Sojourner Truth (1797-1883): Born a slave; preached against prostitution, 1830; encouraged brotherly love; spoke at women’s rights meetings in the 1850’s and 1860s.
  • Frances Willard (1838-1898): National president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union in 1879; woman’s suffragist; leader of the national Prohibition Party.
  • Victoria Clafin Woodhull (1838-1927): Declared herself a candidate for President of the United States, 1870; first woman to address Congressional committee urging woman suffrage, 1871; petitioned the judiciary committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, claiming that the amendments to secure the African-American vote had also confirmed the women’s vote.

The Men Behind the Women

  • Henry Blackwell: Constant agitator for women’s rights; helped publish The Woman’s Journal with his wife Lucy Stone and daughter Alice Stone Blackwell.
  • George Catt: An engineer whose support and understanding of the goals of his wife, Carrie Chapman Catt, freed her to devote her time to leading the national suffrage drive.
  • John Dewey: Educator.
  • Max Eastman: Editor.
  • David Starr Jordan: Stanford University president.
  • James Mott: Quaker businessman; accompanied his wife Lucretia Mott to the Seneca Falls Convention; chaired the first woman’s rights meeting.
  • Parker Pillsbury: Anti-slavery editor who worked on The Revolution with Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
  • Stephen Foster, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips: Abolitionists who were early supporters of woman’s rights.
  • Robert Purvis and Frederick Douglass: Prominent black anti-slavery leaders who were lifelong suffrage allies.

Taken with permission from the League of Women Voters of the Greater Dayton Area, 75th Anniversary http://www.lwvdayton.org/documents/suffragecurric.pdf