Hard One, Not Done

 

A commemoration of the 100-Year Anniversary of the Ratification of the 19th Amendment from an Iowa Perspective

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Hard One, Not Done

References

Sources Reflected in Lessons and Appendices

Lesson 1

19th Amendment to the Constitution,U.S. Congress, 26 August 1920. Courtesy of Library of Congress https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/images/41stat1832.pdf

Barroso, K. (2018, June 25). What are the six amendments to the Constitution about voting? Retrieved from https://classroom.synonym.com/what-are-the-six-amendments-to-theconstitution-about-voting-12083618.html

Block, L. E. (2016, August 18). There are four, not two, ways to amend the Constitution. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/there-are-four-not-two-ways-to-amend-the-constitution/2016/08/18/058afcf2-6420-11e6-b4d8-33e931b5a26d_story.html?utm_term=.9cd80bc5419d

FindLaw. (2019). Fifteenth Amendment - U.S. Constitution. Retrieved from https://constitution.findlaw.com/amendment15.html

FindLaw. (2019). Seventeenth Amendment - U.S. Constitution. Retrieved from https://constitution.findlaw.com/amendment17.html

FindLaw. (2019). Nineteenth Amendment - U.S. Constitution. Retrieved from https://constitution.findlaw.com/amendment19.html

FindLaw. (2019). Twenty-Third Amendment - U.S. Constitution. Retrieved from https://constitution.findlaw.com/amendment23.html

FindLaw. (2019). Twenty-Fourth Amendment - U.S. Constitution. Retrieved from https://constitution.findlaw.com/amendment24.html

FindLaw. (2019). Twenty-Sixth Amendment - U.S. Constitution. Retrieved from https://constitution.findlaw.com/amendment26.html

FindLaw. (2019). U.S. Constitutional Amendments. Retrieved from https://constitution.findlaw.com/amendments.html

HISTORY. (2017, March 13). Sound Smart: The 19th Amendment | History. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=11&v=04KR8cPl5XI

HISTORY. (2017, March 04). Sound Smart: Women's Suffrage | History. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQLbisRfs20

Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs. (2019). Right to vote: suffrage for women, African Americans and American Indians. Retrieved from https://iowaculture.gov/history/education/educator-resources/primary-source-sets/right-to-vote-suffrage-women-african

Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs. (2019). Women's suffrage. Retrieved from https://iowaculture.gov/history/education/educator-resources/primary-source-sets/womens-suffrage

Lewis, J. J. (2019, June 23). Women's Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/womens-rights-and-the-fourteenth-amendment-3529473

Quizlet . (2019). Amending the Constitution. Retrieved from https://quizlet.com/30873513/amending-the-constitution-flash-cards/

Roots of Prohibition. (2011). WETA, Washington, D.C., Retrieved from https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/prohibition/roots-of-prohibition/

The Constitution: Amendments 11-27. (2016, October 6). Retrieved from https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/amendments-11-27, National Archives

The Constitution of the United States of America. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2, 2019, from https://constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution

Wordle - Create. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.wordle.net/create

Lesson 2

Adams, B. (2019, March 29). Backlog of repairs mounts at Women's Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls. Retrieved from https://www.wrvo.org/post/backlog-repairs-mounts-womens-rights-nationalhistorical-park-seneca-falls , Greg Cotterill / WXXI News

Call for Suffrage at Seneca Falls. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.crusadeforthevote.org/seneca-falls-meeting

Declaration of Sentiments [PDF]. (1848). Seneca Falls: Women's Rights Friends National Park. http://www.womensrightsfriends.org/1848.php

Fake Facebook Generators: Simitator.com: Social Imitator. (n.d.). Retrievedfrom http://simitator.com/generator/facebook

History.com. (Editors) (2010, March 23). Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Retrieved from https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/womans-christian-temperance-union

History.com (Editors) (2018, March 08). What Happened at the Seneca Falls Convention? | History. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TcYhuG1y3bc

Hughes, H. (2015, July 20). The Seneca Falls Convention Explained: US History Review. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9k5dKzdJIY

Hunt, W.R. (2019). The Lives Behind the Signatures: Identifying the 100 Seneca Falls Signers. Retrieved from https://www.100signersproject.com/

Morton, E. (2016, July 11). Why Women Led Anti-Suffrage Campaigns Against Themselves. Retrieved from https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/why-women-led-antisuffrage-campaigns-against-themselves

Roots of Prohibition. (2011). Retrieved from https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/prohibition/roots-of-prohibition/

Seneca Falls Convention. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.historynet.com/seneca-falls-convention

Teaching Tolerance. (n.d.). Why Women Couldn't Vote [PDF]. Southern Poverty Law Center. https://www.tolerance.org/sites/default/files/general/women_couldnt_vote[1].pdf

Lesson 3

Britannica, T. E. (2018, December 18). Lucy Burns. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lucy-Burns

Buck. (1913) Suffragist Margaret Foley distributing the Woman's Journal and Suffrage News. Boston Massachusetts United States, 1913. [Nov.-Dec][Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mnwp000378/.

Carol, R., Myers, K., & Lindman, J. (2015). Who Was Alice Paul. Retrieved from http://www.alicepaul.org/who-was-alice-paul/

Carrie Chapman Catt | Articles and Essays | National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection | Digital Collections | Library of Congress. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.loc.gov/collections/national-american-woman-suffrage-association/articles-and-essays/carrie-chapman-catt/

GWLI Staff. (2019, February 27). Woodrow Wilson and the Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reflection. Retrieved from https://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/woodrow-wilson-and-the-womens-suffrage-movement-reflection

Her Life. (2013-2019). Retrieved from http://susanbanthonyhouse.org/her-story/biography.php

History.com Editors. (2009, November 09). Carrie Chapman Catt. Retrieved from https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/carrie-chapman-catt

History.com (Ed.). (2009, November 16). President Woodrow Wilson speaks in favor of female suffrage. Retrieved from https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/president-woodrow-wilson-speaks-in-favor-of-female-suffrage

Mayo, E. (Ed.). (2019). African American Women Leaders in the Suffrage Movement. Retrieved from https://suffragistmemorial.org/african-american-women-leaders-in-the-suffrage-movement/

Michals, D. (Ed.). (2015). Julia Ward Howe. Retrieved from https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/julia-ward-howe

Michals, D. (Ed.). (2017). Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Retrieved from https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/elizabeth-cady-stanton National Women History Museum

Michals, D. (Ed.). (2017). Lucretia Mott. Retrieved from https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/lucretia-mott

Michals, D. (Ed.). (2017) Mary Church Terrell. Retrieved from https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/mary-church-terrell National Women's History Museum

Moran, K. B. (2017). Henry Brown Blackwell (1825-1909). Retrieved from http://www.wwhp.org/Resources/Biographies/henrybrownblackwell.html Worcester Women's History Project

MrBettsClass (Director). (2018, February 15). Suffragists Song . Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKVqEOL8ois

National Park Service (Ed.). (2015, March 27). Lucy Stone. Retrieved from https://www.nps.gov/wori/learn/historyculture/lucy-stone.htm

National Women's History Museum. (n.d.). Primary Sources. Retrieved from https://www.crusadeforthevote.org/primary-documents-1/

Norwood, A. R. (Ed.). (2017). Ida B. Wells-Barnett. Retrieved from https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/ida-b-wells-barnett National Women's History Museum

Senate Historical Office (Ed.). (2019, June 05). Aaron Augustus Sargent: A Featured Biography. Retrieved from https://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/generic/Featured_Bio_Sargent.htm

Staples, B. (2018, July 28). How the Suffrage Movement Betrayed Black Women. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/28/opinion/sunday/suffrage-movement-racism-black-women.html

Lesson 4

American Woman Suffrage Association. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.crusadeforthevote.org/awsa-organize

Bausum, A. (2004). With courage and cloth: Winning the fight for a womans right to vote. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society.

Expanding Voting Rights (Videos). (1991-2019). Retrieved from https://tolerance.org/classroom-resources/tolerance-lessons/expanding-voting-rights-videos

Britannica, T. E. (Ed.). (2016, July 15). National Woman Suffrage Association. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/National-woman-Suffrage-Association

Britannica, T. E. (2017, May 05). National Woman's Party. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/National-Womans-Party

Britannica, T. E. (2019, January 04). National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/National-Association-Opposed-to-Woman-Suffrage

Britannica, T. E. (2019, June 20). National American Woman Suffrage Association. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/National-American-Woman-Suffrage-Association

DODSON, A. P. (2017). REMEMBER THE LADIES: Celebrating those who fought for freedom at the ballot box. New York, NY: Center Street.

Expanding Voting Rights (Videos). (1991-2019). Retrieved from hhttps://www.tolerance.org/classroom-resources/tolerance-lessons/expanding-voting-rights-videos

Gordon, A. D. (2018, August 27). How to Celebrate a Complicated Win for Women. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/27/opinion/how-to-celebrate-a-complicated-win-for-women.html

Harley, Sharon. African American Women and the Nineteenth Amendment (U.S. National Park Service). (2019, April 10). Retrieved from https://www.nps.gov/articles/african-american-women-and-the-nineteenth-amendment.htm

Harris & Ewing, photographer. (1918) WOMAN SUFFRAGE. BONFIRE ON SIDEWALK BEFORE WHITE HOUSE. District of Columbia United States Washington D.C. Washington D.C, 1918. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2016869613/.

Lange, A. (2015). Opposition to Suffrage. Retrieved from https://www.crusadeforthevote.org/naows-opposition

McGoldrick, N. (n.d.). Women’s Suffrage and the Question of Color. Retrieved from http://www.socialstudies.org/sites/default/files/publications/se/5905/590503.html

Morton, E. (2016, July 11). Why Women Led Anti-Suffrage Campaigns Against Themselves. Retrieved from https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/why-women-led-antisuffrage-campaigns-against-themselves

National Geographic Society. (2014, February 20). Thousands March for Woman Suffrage. Retrieved from https://www.nationalgeographic.org/thisday/mar3/thousands-marchwoman-suffrage

Staples, B. (2018, July 28). How the Suffrage Movement Betrayed Black Women. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/28/opinion/sunday/suffrage-movement-racism-black-women.html

Wilson and Women's Suffrage. (1996-2019). Retrieved from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/wilson-womens-suffrage/

Women's Right to Vote. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.decades.com/videos/standalones/women-s-right-to-vote

Woodrow Wilson and the Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reflection. (2013, June 4). Retrieved from https://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/woodrow-wilson-and-the-womens-suffrage-movement-reflection

Lesson 5

Boissoneault, L. (2018, May 24). Amelia Bloomer Didn't Mean to Start a Fashion Revolution, But Her Name Became Synonymous With Trousers. Retrieved from https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/amelia-bloomer-didn’t-mean-start-fashion-revolution-her-name-became-synonymous-trousers

Iowa State University, Carrie Chapman Catt Center for Women And Politics. https://cattcenter.iastate.edu/

Iowa Women's Hall of Fame Inductees by Year. (2018). Retrieved from https://humanrights.iowa.gov/iowa-womens-hall-fame-inductees-year

Mastalio, C. Women’s Suffrage in Iowa: A Sneak Peek of a New Digital Collection [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from Iowa Women’s Archive Website: http://sdrc.lib.uiowa.edu/exhibits/suffrage/IAWomenSuffrage.pdf

State HistoricalSociety of Iowa. (n.d.). Billboard Urging Women to Vote "Yes" for Women's Suffrage, 1916 [Digital image]. Retrieved from https://iowaculture.gov/sites/default/files/primary-sources/images/history-education-pss-vote-billboard-source.jpg

Women's Suffrage in Iowa: An online exhibit. (2011). Retrieved from http://sdrc.lib.uiowa.edu/exhibits/suffrage/

Lesson 6

Chappell, B. (2018, May 31). One More To Go: Illinois Ratifies Equal Right Amendment. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/31/615832255/one-more-to-go-illinois-ratifies-equal-rights-amendment

Chicago Tribune, & Chicago Tribune. (2019, June 19). #MeToo: A timeline of events. Retrieved from http://www.chicagotribune.com/lifestyles/ct-me-too-timeline-20171208-htmlstory.html

Cobbs, E. (2017, January 18). Woodrow Wilson's woman problem, a case study for the Trump era. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-cobbs-wilson-womens-march-20170118-story.html

Equal Rights Amendment. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.equalrightsamendment.org/

Expanding Voting Rights (Videos). (2004, October 1). Retrieved from https://www.tolerance.org/classroom-resources/tolerance-lessons/expanding-voting-rights-videos

FairVote.org. (n.d.). Voting Rights. Retrieved from https://www.fairvote.org/voting_rights#voting_rights_act

Frojoe7. (2012, April 30). 1960's Women's Liberation Movement - A PBS Documentary Trailer. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VnJ9GHZ1dl0

Gladstone, L. W. (2004, August 23). Equal Rights Amendments: State Provisions (Rep. No. RS20217). Retrieved https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7397/m1/1/high_res_d/RS20217_2004Aug23.pdf

Haag, M. (2018, May 31). The Equal Rights Amendment Was Just Ratified by Illinois. What Does That Mean? Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/31/us/equal-rights-amendment-illinois.html

History.com (Ed.). (2009, December 16). Gloria Steinem. Retrieved from https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/gloria-steinem

Liptak, A. (2013, June 25). Supreme Court Invalidates Key Part of Voting Rights Act. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/26/us/supreme-court-ruling.html

Moon, L. (2012, June 14). Bad Romance - Women's Suffrage (Inspired by Alice Paul). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gvu3krcs8ec

Napikoski, L. (2019, January 24). What Was the Women's Liberation Movement? Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/womens-liberation-movement-3528926

Norwood, A. (n.d.). March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Retrieved from https://www.womenshistory.org/resources/general/march-washington-jobs-and-freedom

O'Neill, T. (n.d.). New Path to Ratify the ERA: Three-State Strategy Bill Introduced. Retrieved from https://now.org/resource/new-path-to-ratify-the-era-three-state-strategy-bill-introduced/

Patheuk. (2015, January 06). SELMA - 'Application' Clip: Oprah Winfrey, David Oyelowo, David Oyelowo as Martin Luther King. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fG_2ZwFhnys

The 24th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution/amendments/amendment-xxiv

Timelines

Dodson, A. P. (2019). Remember the ladies: Celebrating those who fought for freedom at the ballot box. New York: Center Street.

National Women's History Museum (Ed.). (n.d.). Woman Suffrage Timeline (1840-1920). Retrieved from http://www.crusadeforthevote.org/woman-suffrage-timeline-18401920

Suffrage Leaders

League of Women Voters of the Greater Dayton Area. (1994, December). Woman's Suffrage Movement [PDF]. Dayton: League of Women Voters of the Greater Dayton Area.

Suffrage Quotations

Bausum, A. (2004). With courage and cloth: Winning the fight for a woman’s right to vote. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society.

National Women's History Museum (Ed.). (n.d.). Educational Resources. Retrieved from http://www.crusadeforthevote.org/educational-resources/